School sports

Here are some guidelines that refer to the importance of school sports, which have been recognized in Sports Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia for the period from 2014 to 2018. “School sport presents an indispensable link in the promotion of active lifestyle, the development of sports and superior sport performance. It is necessary to ensure that physical education classes implement fully according to the adopted plans and programs and that the sports sections realise as prescribed.

The goal should be to encourage children to exercise, through fun and play, and to meet the core priorities of school sports: comprehensiveness, talent recognition and the health aspect. The main objective of school sport must be the physical, intellectual, moral, social and cultural development of all students. The same goes for university sports. When it comes to school sports competitions, a priority is competitions within schools and at the level of local self-government units.

It is also necessary to organize children’s sports activities during the holidays, primarily through sports camps. It is essential to undertake activities that should result in children not paying membership fees in sports organizations, or making them appropriate to the parents’ capabilities. In order to increase the participation of children in sports, national sports federations should ensure that sports clubs, in addition to senior teams, also have children’s groups.

The goal of the Republic of Serbia is for children and young people to acquire the necessary knowledge about healthy forms of physical activity and lifestyles and to develop proper exercise habitsˮ (Sports Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia 2014-2018, 2014, p. 17).

The abovementioned document also emphasizes the importance of physical activity and physical education in the broadest sense:

“Sport, in all its forms, should be individually available for all young people without discrimination. That will allow equal opportunities for boys and girls while taking into account the specific needs of each age children. The role of physical activity in the education of children, acquisition of motor skills and social skills, as well in the preservation of health, is critical. At the same time, the welfare of the child, regardless of age, must always be the most important goal. The practical organization of sporting activities is generally accepted as purposeful for children and youth.

It has a positive impact on their physical, mental, psychological and social development. In general, sport is considered a particularly suitable activity for the physical and psychological well-being of children. It is also essential for the prevention of health problems. Proper physical education at school and engaging in extracurricular sports activities in school sports sections and school sports societies are crucial for the child’s all-round development. All young people should receive adequate physical education and acquire the necessary sporting skills.

Either as a part of a full-time curriculum or in extracurricular activities, thus enabling everyday sports activities. Schools should make spending free time outdoors, playing different games, attractive to young people, as well as responding to acceptable new trends in sports.

The quality of physical education and sports training should be ensured and promoted through qualified physical education teachers, with appropriate quality control measures. Schools should introduce all young people, especially those in the final grades, to local sports clubs and facilities and to cooperate with local sports clubs.

Young people need to know what opportunities they have on a local level and how they can continue playing sports after graduation. But they should also be aware of which activities they like and stimulate them the most. All schools should have the necessary and appropriate equipment and facilities for engaging young people in physical activity and sportsˮ (Sports Development Strategy of the Republic of Serbia 2014-2018, 2014, p. 16).

We consider school sports and physical education as a significant factor that, in addition to the stated role in the prevention of health problems, helps prevention of violence among students and at sporting events. Specifically, we believe that the consideration of this issue should be approached from the perspective of the overall promotion of sports culture from the earliest age of students.